Key Stage 1 & 2 Parent Guidance

Serlby Park Academy

 (Primary Phase)

 A Guide for Parents to the New Primary National



In September 2014 the current government introduced a new primary curriculum which has now been implemented across all year groups in Key Stage One and Key Stage Two (for more information on how we implement this curriculum at Serlby Park Academy, please see the ‘Key Stage 1 & 2 curriculum section of our website).


What are the differences between the New National Curriculum and the old National Curriculum?

The New Curriculum focuses on essential core subject knowledge and skills and is intended to be more challenging than the previous curriculum. In addition to this, Serlby Park Academy has its own personalised school curriculum which is specific to the needs of our pupils and includes the teaching of R.E and PHSE.



What’s new?


  •   Children are expected to edit   and improve their own writing and read it aloud with confidence to an   audience.
  •   Stronger emphasis on   vocabulary development, grammar, punctuation and spelling (for example,   the use of commas and apostrophes will be taught in KS1). Children will   also be expected to learn technical vocabulary associated with     punctuation and grammar in KS1.
  •   Reading is at the core of the   new curriculum, with a focus on reading for pleasure both at home and in   school.
  •   The profile of handwriting has   been raised and is expected to be fluent, legible and   speedy.
  •   Spoken English   has     a greater emphasis, with children to be taught  debating, and   presenting skills.


  •   There is a greater emphasis on   children being able to apply their mathematical knowledge in order to   solve problems and puzzles.
  •   KS1 will be expected to   learn to count up to 100 (compared to 20 under the previous curriculum) and   learn number bonds to 20 (previously up to 10).
  •   Simple fractions will be taught   from KS1, and by the end of primary school, children should be able to   convert decimal fractions to simple fractions (e.g. 0.375 = 3/8).
  •   Children are expected to   know and say number facts such as additions and multiplications at   speed. For example, by the end of year 4, children will be expected to know   times tables up to 12x12.
  •   Calculators will not be   introduced until near the end of KS2, to encourage mental   arithmetic.


  •   Strong focus on scientific   knowledge and language.
  •   Evolution will be taught   in primary schools for the first time.
  •   Other additional programmes of   study include: seasonal change (Y1&2), the   transportation of water   in plants (Y3&4)), the human digestive system (Y3&4)   and the   transportation of nutrients and water in animals (including humans).



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Design and


  •   This subject has a greater   importance under the new curriculum, setting children on the path to becoming   the designers and engineers of the future.
  •   More sophisticated use of   design equipment such as electronics and robotics
  •   In KS2, children will   learn about how key events and individuals in design and   technology   have shaped the world.
  •   A greater emphasis on cookery,   particularly healthy and savoury dishes.


  •   Most significant changes   are to the KS2 history curriculum with new topics such   as: changes in   Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age and the study of a     non-European society, the Mayans.


  •   In KS1 there is an emphasis on   children's locational knowledge, with the expectation that they will be   able to name the nations of the UK and also the world’s seven continents   and five oceans.
  •   In KS2 children will be   expected to have locational knowledge of the world’s   countries,   including capital cities and famous geographical features, and the     position and significance of longitude and latitude.
  •   There is also a greater   expectation on children’s atlas and map skills, including OS maps and   digital maps.


  •   Languages is now statutory in   KS2 (For many years Serlby Park has taught French in KS2 and basic   vocabulary in KS1, this will definitely continue!).
  •   Children will be expected   to master basic grammar and accurate pronunciation and to converse,   present, read and write in the language.


Physical Education (P.E.) and games, music and art and design remain very similar to the previous national curriculum. The curriculum for Nursery and Reception children will remain the same as it has been over previous years.